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Solikamsk prison "The White swan".

Building of single apartment of chamber type and boxing for the walk of convict. 

 

A colony is the "White swan", being in the Perm edge (Solikamsk), dethroned a myth about beautiful and free thievish life in the places of imprisonment. Here broke ten, hundreds of thief-in-laws. Today in these walls there is one of the Russian "lifelong" zones, and also colony of the strict and special mode. 

In January, 2008 famous colony the "White swan", and also other colonies that in 1938 was included in composition in the managements of Usolsk of camps, 70 marked a summer anniversary. Swan song of thief Colony the "White swan" exists from 1938 and is not far from the city of Solikamsk. At first here were only prisoners of state, mainly clergymen. In 1955 "political" translated in the colony located in Мordovia, and the "White swan" became a criminal zone.

The famous "single apartment of chamber type" was here created in 1980, where ordered to сorrection of "thief-in-laws" from all Soviet Union. The about 4,5 thousand convict got through the "single apartment of chamber type". 130 "legalists" laid" down crowns in his walls. Exactly in the "White swan" a legendary " legalist"  made off the days Vasia Diamond. Strictly speaking, an all-russian fame the "White swan" purchased because in his walls "pressed" many known recidivists. 

There are a few versions, where so magnificent name of colony appeared from. And all of them have a right on existence. All versions are related to the "thief-in-laws" and prison romanticism. Here two basic from them. In a colony all building is built from a white brick, the walls of that, allegedly, the wings of white swan symbolize. Second variant. On the known legend, if a swan lost sweet one, then sentenced itself to loneliness or to death. Doing a few circles in sky above the dead beloved, he headily fell downward a head and broke against earth.

Some thieves considered therefore, that in these walls they will find the last moorage, will sing the swan song.

However, from those, not such old times, a great deal changed here. Today similar contingent of prisoners specially does not collect here. In a colony persons convict for especially severe crimes serve time: killers, rapists, members of the gangster forming, leaders of the organized criminal groupments. For sentenced to life imprisonment the zone of particular treatment is created. 

The sentenced to life imprisonment take place just in the apartment of "single apartment of chamber type", where before "pressed" "thief-in-laws". Presently sentenced to life imprisonment 295 persons are counted. All of them accomplished serious crimes: androlepcy, theft of people, made to order murders et cetera. On statistics, that, as is generally known, knows everything, on each for the term of life convict on the average is for three ruined souls.

After serving of the first ten years of conclusion sentenced to life imprisonment translated from strict terms in the facilitated terms of maintenance. They already can be seen with relatives, get parcels and letters from will. In the chambers of the "White swan" the convict for the term of life sit on one, two by two and three persons. Administration, studying the "state of the soul" of prisoners, расселяет them, coming from psychological compatibility. A conclusion on this occasion gives professional psychologist.

On Fridays prisoners take a shower, promenade every day at will of them, that lasts one hour. An excursion court is the same chambers only located higher by a floor, on a roof. There light, coolly and freshly. To work as sentenced to life imprisonment does not settle, they constantly are in sign of employees of establishment. It is impossible to them and to study without seeing in educational establishments. With permission administration they can only engage in a self-education.

Among for the term of life convict there are the figures known in the criminal world. For example, sensational the cruel murders Izhevsk criminal organization. Gangsters killed ten of persons brutally. Here Salman Raduev sat the known terrorist from Chechnia and field commander. In 2002 he died from illness, just in the walls of this prison. The heavy wounds in a head, got during the battle operating on Caucasus, became main reason of death.

We will remind that in Germany of Raduev several times produced difficult surgical operations assembled in the skull of plate from very durable titan. Leaders of the gangster Chechnia forming are here and now.

It is possible to say without overstatements the most malicious gangsters of Russia are contained in a penal colony number 2. Here they are sent unby chance: here still very strict mode, and a colony is far from cities. Some prisoners do not maintain the heavy terms of maintenance. When sentenced to life imprisonment dies, this very day telegraph notification leaves to his relatives.

If during three days they do not take away a body or does not confirm a telephone message, that will bury a prisoner, then a deceased is buried on a municipal cemetery. After "a public" burial relatives can to bury again a body on a motherland.

On territory of colony a workshop operates on the production of furniture. Some prisoners only here mastered the first profession and first got work. Many for the past years became the real masters. The special workshop-basement functions here, where the real specialists work. In this group people get unby chance. It celled, apt to escape. Therefore their workshop is actually in basement, under a vigilant guard. On the other hand, exactly the potential apt to escape was trust the most creative work.

That she completely took in their consciousness and distracted from every sort "of nonsenses". The here celled masterly cut out amusing souvenirs and articles of way of life from a softwood. Chess, wooden spoons, boards, three-high small boxes, figurines of animals, all of it can be seen on work benches. And, certainly, symbol of penal colony number 2 is a white swan as support for napkins.

There are a few hothouses on territory of the Solikamsk colony. In a colony there is a library more than five thousand books are counted in that. There is the little orthodoxy church built by the hands of convict.

But nevertheless the "White swan" is a colony special and strictly mode. Therefore around powerful barrages, fences, barbed wire. For all the time, while there is a colony, not a single case of successful escape here did not happen. The most impertinent attempt of escape was undertaken in 1992. Then convict Chafranov armed with a grenade got to the cabinet of chief of single apartment of chamber type. He demanded to free the friend from a lone person, give a motor transport and settle free departure from a zone. An invader was blocked, and then destroyed.

One officer of detachment of the special setting of Ministry of internal affairs of Russia perished thus. After this emergency incident of safety measure in the "White swan" increased. It is considered that today from a colony, running is simply impossible. The guard of zone has more than one hundred well train dogs, спецтехнику. The chambers of track after living and lifeless objects are located on all perimeter of colony.

And last, in respect of "authoritative" convict. In a colony until now "thief-in-laws" depart punishment the terms. A bit of them remained is about ten. And in general, presently for establishment punishment leaves 2139 prisoners, from them 295 persons - for the term of life. 

24.02.2012
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