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Prison Bautcen I: "yellow death".
05 Of march 2012

 Prison Bautcen I : kind from above.


Built at the beginning of 20 century, at once getting a nickname "Yellow trouble" from the yellow bricking of walls. In the days of nazis in 1933-1945 here seated the political opponents of the mode, including communists and social democrats. The known prisoner at this time was a general secretariat of communist party Germanium Ernst Telman, that was there in 1943-44, while was not in August 1944 delivered in the concentration camp of Buhenvald and kill on the direct order of Hitler and Himmler.

In 1945 prison was converted into a soviet relocation center. In the documents of Soviet military administration in Germany passed under the name "The Special camp №4". Mainly there were nazis, social democrats and "bourgeois element". From data of the German researchers, for this period 2700 persons perished in Bautcen.

Dead "persons were taken away from chambers and gave up in trucks, - Erdmann (German defender of rights, making numb there six years) writes. - After a supervisor poked in this heap a long stick with a sharp metallic tip, to make sure, that nobody tries to accomplish escape under the guise of dead person. Bodies took in a township in a neighborhood of Bautcen known under the name the Rabbit mountain, where gave up in a mine and from above fell asleep by a quicklime". (From the book of John Keller there are "Secrets of STASI").

The ration of prisoners in prisons of DDR was very scanty are twenty two ounces of brown bread and ounce of jam and fat. On dinner gave the litre of chowder almost. A potato was given only on Sundays. Busy on fags got additional fats and piece of sausage. Twice in the day of prisoners gave to drink black ersatz-coffee. In 1956 Ministry of state security, copying soviet experience, went on an innovation: from now on together with политзаключенными began to contain criminals, killers, robbers, thieves and sexual perverting. (the same source).

From 1950 to 1989 prison submitted to the department of prisons Ministries internal affairs of DDR. After 1956, when the last prisoners planted by Soviet Administration were exempt, in clink there are criminals-recidivists and convict to the protracted terms. However there continued to seat such политзеков, as " saboteurs", "agitators against the state", defectors etc.

From October, 1990 Bautcen is under the management of Ministry of justice of Saxony. Today this prison for convict to the protracted terms of conclusion.

Views: 1107 Group: Prisons of Germany
Berlin prison "Moabit".
16 Of february 2012


Berlin prison " Moabit". Kind from above.


 "Moabit" is former Berlin prison, built in 1888. It is a complex from five четырехэтажных corps united in form a fan. Strongly suffered from bombardments 1945 year, in 1962 was repaired. Моабитская prison - one of most known in the world, is in the center of Berlin. From 2001 enters in the complement of district of Митте. In the past, differed in tortures and unbearable terms of maintenance of prisoners.

Presently, German " Moabit" is establishment of preliminary conclusion for the persons of sex of men, attaining 21 and older, in that install in decision of court.

His Russian analogue is detention facility, but only on destiny of these establishments. And methods and terms a few another, they are straight opposite. Regular capacity " of Моабита" - 1200 prisoners. Administration and auxiliary personnel are civilians. In " Moabit" under investigation fortnightly(and in separate necessary to the prisoner cases and thicket) give appointments. A judge or public prosecutor accord permission. Conversations during conversation with an advocate and correspondence with him are not subject to censorship.


Prison " Moabit", 1944 year. 


Correspondence of under investigation prisoners is subject to перлюстрации in decision of court or office of public prosecutor. It is settled all prisoners to look the television and listen the radio. Prisoners can in the known limits even to furnish and decorate the chamber(except for an electric and sanitary equipment). Under investigation " Moabit" can order to itself in the chamber of book and periodicals. Rules of internal order under investigation can give out on many languages, including on Russian.

In " Moabit" there are not chambers more than on three men. The size of such chambers makes about 30 square meters. But it, more often exception: in " Moabit" aim, that every prisoner had the chamber. There is wooden furniture in the chamber of маобитской prison. At pleasure, non-smokers are not placed together with smoking. Into prison there is a trainer hall. Berths in two tiers are considered violation of Constitution.

Known prisoners: Росские prisoners sat in her for years. In 1911- 1912 is a famous secret service agent, captain of the Russian General staff Mihael Kostevich, 1919 to the year - Rarl Radek is the Austrian national, visible figure of soviet and international communist motion. From 1933 in " Моабите" a few years there was Ernst Telman. In 1941 - 1945

- internee citizens of the USSR are diplomats, sent on an assignment specialists, soviet prisoners of war, accused of agitation among the prisoners of the German concentration camps; a poet Musa Jalil is a military correspondent, being taken prisoner in 1942 at the Volkhov front that in the walls of this prison was executed; Bulgarian communist George Димитров, convict яко after for the arson of building of Reichstag. In the years of alteration, after falling of the Berlin wall, in " Moabit" the former head of former German Democratic Republic Erich Honecker got for a short time.


Courtyard of prison " Moabit", 1945 year. 

Views: 3180 Group: Prisons of Germany