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Zhytomyr "eight".

 

Zhytomyr prison in city boundaries. Kind from a south-east side.

 

Zhytomyr prison is known for that for almost age-old history from her not a single escape was accomplished. And, apparently, not by chance, on territory of famous "eight" today there is one of the greatest on Ukraine sectors for sentenced to capital punishment. Exactly the life term and bloody maniac Onoprienko depart here, on the account of that ten of the ruined souls.

 

The ancient Ukrainian city Zhytomyr arose up more than thousand years back on rocky ripas Тетерев, wherein Polesye is replaced by forest-steppe and where later a border passed between Orthodox Ukraine and catholic Poland. Quite a bit historical storms were to outlive to this city, and, as it is often, part of his history, as in a mirror, was reflected in history of his prison.

 

Part of present street Ватутина in Zhytomyr(from the Kyiv street to the turn westward) was before named Hippodrome. Name Hippodrome is explained by that on this street in the end XIX and at the beginning ХХ of century was hippodrome on that the elite of the Volhynia province gathered to look at gallops. On a hippodrome gallops were conducted not only. He was used and as the air field on that the legendary first airmen of Nesterov carried out flights, yefimov, Vasiliev, Utochkin et al.

At the beginning the XX century old Zhytomyr prison in the former monastic cells of the Jesuitic monastery in the center of city on the Lock mountain became close, and decided to build new prison on the left ripa Тетерев near the Berdychiv bridge(in place of present Тетеревских and Highway side-streets). Street of Leo Tolstoy, that conduced to this place, even built then, in the beginning named the Prison street.

But apparently at the supreme moment municipal head of Flexander Davidovskiy remembered that was in city more suitable place is a hippodrome. And can, governor a baron Chtachelberg Flor Aleksandrovich did not simply love a rapid ride, especially gallops, and aviation the more, and accepted a wise move - to close a hippodrome, and in his place to build prison. By the way, and the present Zhytomyr governors and mayors love all old to take and in them place build something a new.

Prison in place of former hippodrome began to build in 1907. For building a place was not very successful is a former bog. It was under building to hammer in piles from bog oak. On the other hand hampered miriness of locality to the prisoners to dig undermining for the feasance of escapes. 

 

Building was built on the so-called project of empress Catherine - from above it looks as a letter of  "Е". Then, when building became overgrown with completions, former tsar's инициал looked from above like the capital letter of city in transcription of the Slavic alphabet - "Ж". Made off building of new prison in 1914, where she is now.

 

Ruins of old prison in city Zhytomyr 1914 to. 

 

229 chambers, that were intended for serving of imprisonment and of maintenance transit, following on the stage in places farther, were counted in clink. Zhytomyr prison was one of most strict in tsar's Russia. As far as the transition of power from one hands the contingent of prison changed in other.

Besides criminals her chambers were visited by rebels-students and losing dignity priests, red commissars and white officers, subjected to repression in different years by soviet power on political reasons. According to the archived data, in 30th in the apartments of prison carried out shooting sentences.

 

In time before the second world war and to occupation Zhytomyr prison behaved the German fascists to the department of the Folk commissariat of internal affairs.

To our days history reached about prison of those years. Without regard to the swift offensive of the German troops, administration of prison, in advance evacuating prisoners, neatly cleaned and washed down all regime apartments of prison and, leaving the keys from all chambers and apartments on a table in duty part, evacuated hastily, causing no harm to property and building. In November, 1943 broken in the district of Kyiv the German troops hastily retreated westward.

Not looking, on катастрофичесое position and swift offensive of Red Army, Germans acted just as well as former soviet administration of prison, they cleaned apartments and just left the keys from apartments on a the same place, where he was left by the совесткие guards of prison. 

 

Today this ancient prison is officially named Zhytomyr establishment of execution of punishment of maximal strength(№ 8) security. Former outskirts of -теперь are the densely populated dwelling district, so that " eight" now on several hundred meters is moved from a street Ватутина in the array of ordinary old concrete building, наываемых in people for the last names of former soviet leader - Khrushchev.

 

From official data, from Zhytomyr prison not a single escape really was accomplished. The last unsuccessful attempt, it is talked, was undertaken at the end of 70th. A few convict climbed over through some fence, but... appeared again on territories of prison, where they at once were accepted "in hard cuddles" by guards.

Now in complete accordance with status of "establishment with maximal strength security" prison is the mestome of maintenance of the most dangerous killers sentenced to life imprisonment. Today here are about 200 sentenced to capital punishment. Among them are criminal authorities, serial maniacs and педофилы, notorious Zhytomyr cannibals, former sale militiamen and lawyers. Almost at all on an account for a few murders.

 

Regime corps of Zhytomyr prison for maintenance sentenced to life imprisonment.

 

On a 1 th floor there is a separation in that accept new convict(8 boxing) and during twenty-four hours distribute on chambers. A quarantine zone is there envisaged, where newly arrived a few weeks are for an exposure for them infectious and other illnesses. Contain all separately: minor, women, men, earlier not judge and those, who already departed punishment before.

 

Zhytomyr prison is well-known in neighbourhood the large list of the made products. In the workshops of industrial zone prisoners produce the great number of necessary in a municipal economy things : sidewalk tile, sections of дли of reinforce-concrete fences, containers for hard wastes, parapets, peaks, and also products of metal-workingness : safes, grates, garage gate and gates in a fence, металлопластиковые windows and other great deal. Зеки work honestly, the products " of eight" are quickly bought up therefore.

Exactly here first in Ukraine on works began to destroy and sentenced to life imprisonment. So that getting a higher measure punishments here pay it containingние. Chambers of пожизненников are in the separate wing of the first floor of building.

The mode of day is standard. At 6 o'clock of morning постовой declares getting up, at 22 o'clock - retreat. One hour in a day a walk is envisaged on fresh air in courts by an area about 25 square meters, equipped by horizontal bars and squared beams. The half-year for the term of life convict is settle an appointment with native: through glass and by phone, as in the American films.

A bath-house, shop, room of the psychological unloading, initial school and small chapel, equipped on the European standards, operate for the corporal and spiritual needs of all prisoners. One time per a week prison is visited by the Orthodox priest that baptizes appealings to God of зеков.

There is even the televisional studio. And in a sector for lifer practically in every chamber television is set with 38 cable channels.

Every day a librarian brings in chambers to sentenced to life imprisonment book, newspapers and magazines. Prisoners get three meal per day. He is fix 600 grammes of brown bread or 510 the wheat II sort, 80 grammes of groats, 20 - macaronis, 40 - meat, 30 - adiposes, 15 - sunflower-seed oil. For working a norm of feed is more: 30 grammes of sugar and 100 grammes of meat are additional. For tubercular patients there is a separate dietary feed, including cheese, eggs, vegetables, potato, sour cream, milk, curd and other.

A separate feed is envisaged for the persons injured from an accident at the Chornobyl nuclear power station. In most cases пожизненники depart punishment in pairs. Indeed, there are exceptions. To sit together with a serial murderer anatoliy Onoprienko other killers refuse categorically. Therefore the eternal term this villain leaves for a single chamber. On the account of Onoprienko at least 52 murders, perfect to them from 1989 to 1996 on territory of Ukraine. There are kill many very young children and babies in a number.

Interest of mass medias in this man is enormous. Here, indeed, Onoprienko journalists bothered terrible, and if before he gave to the interview, requiring the stick of sausage or box of candies for it, then now to intermingle with the press he in general refuses categorically. For the years conducted in clink, he never asked a local priest about confession and prayed never. Him nobody calls on and does not write letters to him.

Now Zhytomyr prison in the stage of reforms that is caused by changes in the legislation of Ukraine and universal гумманизацией societies, but however continues to carry out the basic functions, for the sake of what was постороена hundred years back. 

 

Regime corps of Zhytomyr prison for maintenance of persons that is instituted criminal proceedings against. 

 

20.02.2012
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